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Climate of Mongolia
Mongolia climate is sharp continental, decided by the harsh cold of Siberia and isolation from the world waters. This page tells you more about climate of Mongolia or weather of Mongolia and temperature in Mongolian tourism season.Mongolian Climate is one of extremes - hot summers and freezing cold winters. Known as the 'Land of Blue Skies', it has over 260 sunny days each year. The winter is long and cold with temperatures often well below -30 Centigrade. Despite these temperatures, the blue winter sky makes it often feel warmer. There is very little snowfall but it and ice can remain for several weeks at a time.
The rainy season is from July to September, but the showers are often brief. Mongolian summer is the most pleasant time to travel in Mongolia, as sometimes temperatures can reach +40 Centigrade, the air is dry and pleasant to travel around. The Gobi usually has the hottest temperatures. Summer evenings can be cool because of Mongolia's high altitude. The spring is a time of strong winds, especially difficult in the sandy areas of the Gobi.
January, the coldest month of the year in Mongolia – the air temperature reaches – 30’C to – 34’C in the Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentii mountain region, - 20’C to 25’C in the steppe zone, - 15’C in the Gobi desert and it is from – 15’C to 12’C in the southern Gobi desert region.
The hottest month of the year in Mongolia is July, the average temperature in the Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentii mountain region is +15’C, it is from +15’C to +20’C in the great lake depression, Altai, Khangai, Huvsgul, Khentii mountain range and basin of Orkhon, Selenge and Khalkha rivers and it is +20’C to 25’C in the southern part of Dornod steppe and it is more than +25’C in Dornogobi region. In the summer time, the temperature goes down when land level goes up +0.5 – 0.6’C for each 100 meter than sea level.
Mongolian Weather Right Now by FOBOS, Russia
Temperatures in Mongolia (°C)
Average Max Temperature
in Mongolia (°C)
|Mongolia Average Temperature (°C)||Average Precipitation/ Rainfall (mm)||Wet Days (>0.1 mm)||Average Sunlight Hours/ Day||Relative Humidity (%)||Average Wind Speed in Mongolia (Beaufort)||Average Number of Days with Frost|
The most percentage of annual precipitation is rain. During the whole winter, there is 10 mm snow in the Gobi desert and 20 – 30 mm snow in the mountainous region and Basin of Uvs Lake and 10 – 20 mm snow in rest of territory. The number of days which have snow cover is more than 150 days in Mongol Altai, Khangai, Khentii and Khuvsgul mountain region, 100 – 150 days in forest, steppe zone, 50 – 110 days in Dornod great steppe and other region and less than 50 days in the Gobi desert zone.
The Sun Ray: There are 230 – 260 days are sunny in Mongolia and it is 2600 – 3330 hour of a year.
Wind: it is much windy in the steppe and Gobi desert region. The average wind speed is 4 – 6 m/s in these territories, 1 – 2 m/s in the Khentii mountain range and 2 – 3 m/s in rest of region.
Seasons of Mongolia
Spring comes after a severe winter, days become longer, and nights shorter. It is the time for snow to melt and for animals to come out from hibernation. All animals and livestock breed while the soil thaws in the warm spring weather. In Mongolia "Khansh neekh" means some animals, which hibernated, awoke from their sleep. Spring is the prosperous season of the year when everybody is calm and relaxed; grass turns green, anemones grow up and nature is covered with its green dress. Beginning in March spring usually lasts about 60 days although it can be as long as 70 days or as short as 45 days in some areas of the country. For people and livestock, it is also a harsh season of the driest and the most windy days although it gets warm in spring, livestock breed and gain their weight; and grass becomes green.
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Mongolia Travel Blog
Mongolia travel blog for those thinking to visit Mongolia. Travel tips, fun contests and Mongolia tourism news and travellers can post a blog, too.