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Timeline of Mongolian History

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Timeline of History

The remains of Mongolia’s earliest inhabitants have been uncovered by archeological digs in the Gobi and other regions dating back nearly 750,000 years.

2013 – Mongolia listed 15th in the “The 46 places to Go in 2013” according to New York Times
2013 – Mongolia listed in 1st in the “Must to see travel Destination 2013” according to CNN
2012 – Mongolians earned 5 medals (2 silvers and 3 bronzes) from London Summer Olypic Game 2012 in first time its history
2008 – Mongolians earned 2 gold medals from “Beijing Summer Olympic game 2008” first time its history
2006  800th Anniversary of the Great Mongol Empire 
2004 – Mongolian democratic Coalition wins in the general parliamentary elections
2000 – Mongoliam Communist Party wins in the general parliamentary elections
1996 – Mongolian Democratic Coalition won in the Parliamentary Election
1990 – Democratic Revolution, failure of Communist Regime
 
1937 – Religious activities were banned and nearly all of Mongolian monasteries were destroyed by the communists
1924 – Bogd Khaan passes away and Mongolia became a republic
1921 – Mongolia gained its independence with the help of Red Russians
1919 – China invaded Mongolia
1913 – The first regular newspapers in Mongolia began to be published
1911 – Mongolian Monarchy was declared with 8th Bogd as its head

1778 – Capital  Ikh Khuree found its current location on the bank of the River Tuul
1754 – 1911 – Under Manchu's Colony
1754 – Zunghar  was captured by Manchu Qing, Mongolia was captured completely
1691 – Khalkha  Mongolia surrendered its autonomy into Manchu Qing Empire
1688 – 1697 – The war between Zuunghar and Khalkha
1686 – Zanabazar created Soyombo script
1671 – Galdan became the king of Zuungar
1639 – Zanabazar, the prince of Tusheet Khan Aimag was instated as the head of Buddhist Yellow Faith in Mongolia
1636 – Inner Mongolia was captured by Manchu Qing.
1635 – Zuunghar Empire established 
1616 – The first Embassy of Russia was opened in Mongolia
1586 – Construction of Erdene Zuu, the 1st Buddhist Monastery was started
1577 – Altan Khaan and Abtai Khaan accepted Buddhism
1466 – Batmunkh Dayan Khaan became the Khaan
1382, 1408, 1439 – The Mongols attacked Moscow
1370 – Kharakhorum was renamed as the capital of the Empire
1369 – History of Yuan Empire was written
1368 – Mongolian rule in China failed and collapse of Mongolian Yuan Empire 
1305 – Great Mongolian philosopher Choiji-Odser wrote his famous work " Zurkhen Tolit".
1274 – Khubilai Khaan attacked Japan for the first time
1270 – Khubilai Khaan established schools in the provinces, districts, and in the capital of the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty. 
1261 – War between Arigh Bukh and Khubilai started
1260 – Arigh Bukh became the King
1251 – Munkh became the Khaan
1246 – Guyug became the Khaan
1240 – The Secret History of Mongols was completed
1235 – 1259 – The construction of Kharakhorum was completed
1236 – On the orders of Ogoodei Khaan, the world's first paper money was put into circulation
1235 – Tumen Amgalant Palace was built at Khahakhorum
1234 – Ogoodei Khaan established the ortoo horse-relay courier system 
1228 – Ogoodei was given the throne
1227 – Chinggis Khaan passes away
1224 – The 'Chinggis Stone', the oldest known example of Mongolia script was erected
1224 – Chinggis Khaan sterts invading Middle East , Arabics, Western Countries, India
1220 – The construction of Kharakhorum starts as the caopital of Great Mongolian Empire on the orders of Chinggis Khaan 
1219 – Chinggis Khaan conqueres Southern countries
1215 – Chinggis Khaan conqueres China
1206 – Mongolia produces coins showing the portrait of a horseman brandishing a sword 
1206 – Uighur Mongolian Script becomes the official system of writing
1206 – Chinggis Khaan becomes the Great Khaan of Greater Mongolia
1193 – His 4th son Toului is born 
1189 – Temujin becomes the king of United Mongolia and is given the title of Chinggis Khaan (Ocean or Sea Khaan)
1186 – Third son Ogoodei is born
1183 – Second son Tsagaadai is born
1179 – Temujin wins in the war with Gurvan Merghid Tribe, his first son Zuchi is born
1177 – Temujin marries to Borte
1170 – Temujin is engaged to Borte, the princess of Khongirad Tribe
1162 – The black horse year- Temujin the later became Chinggis Khan is born as a prince of Khamag Mongol Tribe

10th -12th century AD
 – various trades of Mongolian origin lived in a vast area of land stretching from the great Gobi desert in the south to Lake Baikal in the north - Khamag Mongol Tribe established. 

AD 10-12th Century- Kidan Empire existed
AD 840- Powerful Kirgiz nomads came to Central Asia
AD 745- 840- Uigur Empire existed
AD 555-745- The 1st Turkic Empire existed on Mongolian Land
AD 402-555- The 4th Mongolian Empire Jujan existed
AD 330- 402- The 3rd Mongolian Empire Nirun – Rouran existed
BC 1st Century to 320 AD- The second Mongolian Empire Syanbi existed
 
213 B.C – Great wall in China was built.
209B.C – In the second millennium B.C the nomadic tribe, known as the Hunnu, founded the first powerful Empire in northeastern Asia and Shanui (meaning King) governed it.
 
BC 6-3th Century – The Great Wall was established in order to mark the borders between Chinese Han and Khunnu
BC 8-6th Century – Clan Structure
BC 1000 – Iron Age
BC 2000 – People started having animal husbandry 
BC 4000 – 1000 – Bronze Age
BC 12000 – 4000 – Neolit
BC 4000000 – 12000 – Upper Paleolitics 
BC 100000 – 40000 – Middle Paleolitics 
BC 750000 – 100000 – Lower Paleolitics 
BC 750000 – Man existed on the land of Mongolia
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